Optical safety and cleaning of Optical Fiber Connectors - Technopediasite

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Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Optical safety and cleaning of Optical Fiber Connectors

Optical safety and cleaning of Optical Fiber Connectors: In the optical network has been a special issue of cleaning and safety from the beginning.In optical networks, if not carefully cautious, then there are many types of incidents.Therefore, safety in the optical network is very important. Fiber cleaning is also a very important task in optical network work.If optical fiber or optical connectors are not cleaned correctly then fiber losses and many other problems have to be faced.

There are a number of indirect viewing aids in the market. In essence such instruments rely upon a camera to relay the image onto a screen thereby ensuring the safety of the operator. In the event of accidental exposure this would result in equipment failure rather than operator injury.
Optical safety and cleaning of Optical Fiber Connectors
Optical Connector cleaning process

CLEANING OF OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTORS

The following procedure combines the procedures intended for safety, cleaning and examination of optical connectors (pigtails) utilising an optical microscope.It is essential, for the correct operation of any optical system, that all of the optical interfaces and couplers are clean and free from contamination and damage.

It is equally important that all instruments, Optical Microscopes, Power meters, and OTDR interfaces etc. are maintained and cleaned to reduce the risk of cross contamination occurring from this source.This procedure shall be applied immediately before ‘pig tails’ are connected to any equipment (card or optical aid) and on each and every occasion an optical dis-connect is undertaken where this occurs as the result of a fault finding activity.

Disconnection of optical ‘pig tails’ shall be kept to a minimum. Where necessary, such ‘pig tails’ shall be protected from mechanical damage and contamination. Where a ‘dust cap’ is employed for such purpose the cap shall itself be clean and suitable for the purpose’ and shall at all times of storage be held in a clean plastic bag to protect from contamination.

‘PigTails’ shall not be left in rack bases or in any place that may result in contamination or damage to the ferrule of the ‘pig tail’.

Cleaning Fiber Tails

All ‘Dust Caps’ should be removed and discarded. They may in themselves be the most common source of contamination to the face of ‘pig tails’. If caps are left in the open, contamination may settle inside the cap and may be subsequently transferred to the ‘pig tail’ when used. Spare dust caps, where held by the engineer for future use, shall be stored in a clean plastic bag at all times.

Optical Cleaning Equipment


Cleaning Kit include following mention tools-
Lint Free Wipes
Disposal Bags
Cotton Buds
IPA (Iso Propyl Alcohol) Cleaning Solution
Card IPA Solution (63/37% Mix)
Pump Dispenser (IPA)
Disposable Gloves
‘CLETOP’ Cleaning Cartridge
Replacement 'CLETOP' Tape

Cleaning Process


Wipe the end face and surrounding area at the front of the connector with an impregnated wipe to remove any greasy contamination.

Fit the connector, using the appropriate adapter, into the hand held microscope.
Examine the ferrule end, check that it is free from dust, grease or particles of grit:-
Dust will manifest itself as lumps, flakes and fibers.
Grease, commonly introduced during handling, will appear as a ‘blob’ or smear.
Particular attention must be paid to the core area of the ferrule area. It should be generally smooth and free from cracks. Slight chipping in the cladding area is permissible but not obvious cracks, scratches or other damage across the core area.
As the connector is of epoxy/polish type, score marks will always be present on the surface of the ferrule end face. Obvious deep score marks, particularly where they appear circular in shape, are normally evidence of damage by foreign bodies. If such score marks are pronounced, or extend into the core region, the connector should be rejected and replaced.
To remove any grease, soak a lint free wipe with a small amount of the approved solution
(IPA/De-Ionised Water). Carefully stroke it across the ferrule end face several times in the
same direction before repeating the stroking with a clean and dry wipe.

With the assistance of the ‘CLETOP’ Cartridge Cleaner the end face of the ferrule may be polished which results in uniform results


Care should be exercised when cleaning the angled end faces of the ferrules to follow the connector profiles as shown below.Do not use the ‘Cletop’ Cartridge for MTP Fibers as the end-face locating pins prevent contact of the tape with the fiber ferrules.
Fibre Optic Connector Profiles cleaning with different angle
Fiber Optic Connector Profiles


Hold the cassette in the palm of the hand and depress /rotate the lever with the thumb. This action winds the cleaning cloth tape inside the cassette case and simultaneously opens the shutter as shown in below image.
Optical fiber cleaning CLETOP cassette
CLETOP Cartridge Cleaning Cassette

Each depression of the lever facilitates the exposure of a new cleaning cloth face. Exercise caution not to ‘double click’ the lever as such an action will waste one of the available cleaning faces and reduce the life of the cassette.

Rotate the lever with the thumb. Ensure that the lever is kept depressed during the cleaning operation.Press the optical ferrule end face of the connector to be cleaned against the cleaning cloth and drag the connector in the direction.

Ensure that the optical end face is pressed snug against the cleaning tape surface whilst dragging the connector (cleaning may not be complete if the connector end face is insufficiently pressed).
Cleaning direction of optical fiber
Cleaning direction

When the cleaning procedure is complete, release the shutter lever allowing it to return to its initial position.

Re-examine the connector using the microscope.
Fit the connector into the correct port on the equipment.

OPTICAL CONNECTOR CLEANING CARD

Prior to the start of any activity (Installation or Commissioning) on an In-Service exchange, or on ANY equipment within a live/ in-service environment, technicians/engineers must contact the Customer Support Center or NOC team.
1 Cassette Mounting Platform
2 Molex Connector Housing (Cleaning Head)
3 Inter Ferrule Selector
4 Swipe Lever
5 EMC Screen Mounting Pillar (1 of 3)
6 Insertion/Extraction Lever (1 x Upper and 1 x Lower)
7 Cleaning Tape Spares Compartment
8 Cleaning Head Cleaning Card Adjustment.


The cleaning card allows adjustment of its cleaning head to cater for the different ferrule positions employed throughout the core and extension sub-racks. Depending on the type of card slot to be cleaned, the cleaning card shall be adjusted such that the cleaning head interfaces with the correct ferrule when cleaning. This requires two types of adjustment:

(a) Inter Ferrule Adjustment.
(b) Connector Adjustment

Inter Ferrule Adjustment

Ensure that the cleaning head is directly underneath the appropriate colour indicated on the connector housing in which it resides If the head is in the incorrect position, move by using the Inter ferrule adjustment arm located on the front panel by first pulling the handle and then moving to the correct position.

Connector Adjustment


All traffic related cards interface with a Molex backplane connector located in the centre of the associated card slot. The Add/Drop card interfaces with two additional connectors, one above (Upper) and one below (Lower). If the card is set to the wrong connector position, remove the 4 mounting screws below slide the cassette-mounting platform into the new position and re-fix the screws.
Cassette Mounting Platform Positions (shown in lower position)
shown in lower position

For the PMA32 Add/Drop, a maximum of 9 ferrules may need to be accessed. A total of 27 cleaning operations (swipes) may therefore be required in order to clean all ferrule positions.

Stand the card on a firm flat surface, with the cleaning face upwards and remove dust cap fitted to cleaning head.An applicator will be supplied for dispensing the cleaning solution.Using a recommended cleaning solution i.e. a mixture of Isopropyl alcohol (33%) and De-ionised water (67%).

Using the swipe lever, perform 3 full swipes and remove the cleaning card immediately. In the case of an Add/Drop card, ensure all accessible ferrules are cleaned, saturating the cleaning tape each time. After cleaning the last one, wait 2 minutes before re-inserting the equipment card to allow any residual cleaning solution to evaporate.Re-install cleaning head dust cap.

CLEANING TAPE REPLACEMENT PROCEDURE

The following tools are required to carry out the procedure detailed below:
➥Cross head screwdriver (Medium)
➥Cross head screwdriver (Small)
➥Flat blade screwdriver (Medium)


➤Place Cleaning card face up on a flat surface and remove the EMC Cover by undoing the 3 captive fixing screws.
➤Remove the cover of the Replacement cleaning tape compartment by undoing the 2 captive screws on the top of the cover, and remove contents for later use.
➤Replace the cover of the Replacement cleaning tape compartment and secure with the 2 captive screws on the top of the cover.
➤Turn the cleaning card over placing it face down on a flat surface.
➤Remove the 4 screws, circled in figure, holding the Cleaning Cassette platform to the main frame. Carefully remove from main frame and place cassette platform on a clean flat surface.
OPTICAL CONNECTOR CLEANING CARD
Connector cleaning card

Undo the 4 captive screws, circled in figure and carefully remove the Cleaning Cassette from the Cleaning Cassette platform.Care must be taken not to damage the cleaning head during this operation.Place the Cleaning Cassette on a flat surface with the cleaning tape access cover facing up and remove the cover by undoing the 5 captive screws. These screws must be loosened sequentially (2 turns per screw) until the access cover can be fully removed. Tip - lift the cover as screws are loosened to ease removal.

Inspect installation in preparation for refitting of new parts noting the direction/routing of the cleaning tape prior to removal of used tape,for pictorial representation of how tape should be installed.

Remove used stock and pick up spools from the cleaning cassette and discard them. Ensure that the tape compartment is free from dust and that the rubber O-ring is intact.

Tape replacement
Tape Replacement
spare rollers are provided in the spares kit in case any get lost during tape replacement.Remove the replacement cleaning tape and rollers from its packaging and place on a clean surface. Fit the new stock spool with its flanged side uppermost to stock spool gear wheel shown.

Detach and remove end of tape from the stock spool. Remove adhesive strip from cleaning tape and thread cleaning tape through cleaning head as shown.Carefully feed the end of tape around stainless steel rollers and then back into the main cleaning compartment.

If required, more tape can be fed through the mechanism at this point by operation of the slide lever or rotating the stock spool anti-clockwise.Apply tension to the fitted cleaning tape by rotating the stock spool clockwise.

Holding the cassette mechanism firmly on a flat surface perform several actuation’s of the cleaning cassette ensuring correct operation, check the tape is not twisted and the stock and pickup spools operate correctly with the tape moving freely and staying correctly tensioned. With the Cleaning Cards main frame face up on a flat surface, relocate the cassette-mounting platform onto the Cleaning card main frame in the required position.

Holding the Cleaning Card Cassette Mechanism in place turn the cleaning card over placing it face up on a flat surface and secure in place with the 4 screws removed earlier.Replace the inter ferrule adjustment handle securing it in place with the 2 screws previously
removed.The card is now ready for use, ensure the EMC cover is refitted after use.

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