Advantages of SDH in Telecommunication Networks - Technopediasite


Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Advantages of SDH in Telecommunication Networks

Posted By: technopediasite

The primary reason for the creation of SDH was to provide a long-term solution for an optical mid-span meet between operators; that is, to allow equipment from different vendors to communicate with each other. This ability is referred to as multi-vendor interworking and allows one SDH-compatible network element to communicate with another, and to
replace several network elements, which may have previously existed solely for interface purposes.

The second major advantage of SDH is the fact that it’s synchronous. Currently, most fibre and multiplex systems are plesiochronous. This means that the timing may vary from equipment to equipment because they are synchronized from different network clocks. In order to multiplex this type of signal, a process known as bit-stuffing is used. Bit-stuffing adds extra bits to bring all input signals up to some common bit-rate, thereby requiring multi-stage multiplexing and demultiplexing. Because SDH is synchronous, it allows single-stage multiplexing and demultiplexing. This single-stage multiplexing eliminates hardware complexity, thus decreasing the cost of equipment while improving signal quality.

In plesiochronous networks, an entire signal had to be demultiplexed in order to access a particular channel; then the non-accessed channels had to be re-multiplexed back together in order to be sent further along the network to their proper destination. In SDH format, only those channels that are required at a particular point are demultiplexed, thereby eliminating the need for back-to-back multiplexing. In other words, SDH makes individual channels “visible” and they can easily be added and dropped.
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH)

Traditionally, digital transmission systems and hierarchies have been based on multiplexing signals which are plesiochronous (running at almost the same speed). Also, various parts of the world use different hierarchies which lead to problems of international interworking; for example, between those countries using 1.544 Mbit/s systems (U.S.A. and Japan) and those using the 2.048 Mbit/s system.

To recover a 64 kbit/s channel from a 140 Mbit/s PDH signal, it’s necessary to demultiplex the signal all the way down to the 2 Mbit/s level before the location of the 64 kbit/s channel can be identified. PDH requires “steps” (140-34, 34-8, 8-2 demultiplex; 2-8, 8-34, 34-140 multiplex) to drop out or add an individual speech or data channel This is due to the bit-stuffing used at each level.

Limitations of PDH Network
The main limitations of PDH are:
Inability to identify individual channels in a higher-order bit stream.

Insufficient capacity for network management;
Most PDH network management is proprietary.
There’s no standardised definition of PDH bit rates greater than 140 Mbit/s.
There are different hierarchies in use around the world. Specialized interface equipment is required to interwork the two hierarchies.

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