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What is the Giga Fiber and what services provide it

Friends you are already familiar about the Optical fiber cable. But today I want to discuss about the Giga fiber and what services provide the Giga fiber in the optical communication network. You are already familiar about the types and working characteristics of the optical fiber but question is arises that which type of fiber is called the Giga fiber and why called the Giga fiber?
Giga fiber or FTTH network details image
Giga fiber/FTTH

What is the Giga Fiber?

We are well known about the value of Gigabyte - The prefix giga means 10 powers 9 in the International System of Units (SI). Therefore, one gigabyte is 1000000000bytes. The unit symbol for the gigabyte is GB. Slowly days are going of the Mbps now it will be about Gbps. Day by day telecom world is going very advance.One of the most reputed telecom company in India JIO started a project by name of “JIO Giga Fiber”. Now what we can understand by the name of Giga Fiber?

Giga fiber is one of the most advanced fiber-based broad band connectivity solution. Actually Giga fiber is a fiber to the home (FTTH) broad band services. Giga fiber is flexible optical fiber access network cable of supporting bandwidth requirements of subscriber and covers system with nominal line rates of 1.2 Gbps and 2.4 Gbps in downstream direction; and 155 Mbps up to 2.4 Gbps in the upstream direction. All over the world FTTH work going very fast & telecom operators are able to provide the Giga fiber connectivity to the customers.
Why needs Giga Fiber connectivity?
The existing copper infrastructure is unable to meet the demand of increase in bandwidth for in residential and business customers for several applications. These demands can only be met by the deeper penetration of optical fiber in access networks and increasing deployment of fiber-to-the-home (FTTH or FTTP) or in short called the Giga fiber connectivity.

Giga fiber broadband technology strategically for the FTTH or FTTP projects in line with global trends to face the anticipated challenges in terms of bandwidth required for various services in a competitive market.

Giga fiber technology provides triple play services (voice, video, and data) over a common protocol (IP) and physical layer (fiber). Operators are quickly moving to maximize the number of services offered to a single customer via a bundled offering. Technologies such as voice over IP (VOIP), IP television (IPTV), and broadband (HSI) will become a major requirement along with innovative and value added services.

Operators will need capability of delivering more than 40 Mbps per tenants over the next few years. This can be achieved only by deploying more single mode optical fiber access networks. Fiber deployment shall ensure the high bandwidth requirements, network future proof, and network reliability, reduced operating cost and will enhance the revenue opportunities.

What services provide the Giga fiber?
Giga fiber offers smart home solution, provide ultra high definition entertainment on TVs, video conferencing, voice activated virtual assistance, virtual reality gaming, digital shopping etc. Giga fiber provide high concentration of Business customers, being small, medium or large enterprises. They also require special protection topologies. Optimize network rollout for complete area coverage.


Giga fiber is nothing it is a FTTH network connectivity. Giga fiber Access network architecture that brings fiber optic cable from the exchange direct to customer's location at high bandwidth delivering triple play (voice, video and data) from a single fiber.

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